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Fortifications of Elvas are World Heritage
The world's largest fortification bastion in Elvas, was classified as World Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The fortifications of Elvas were classified in the category of cultural goods, the early afternoon on the 36th session of the World Heritage Committee, which is meeting until July 6 in St. Petersburg, Russia.
The set of fortifications of Elvas, whose foundation dates back to the reign of King Sancho II, is the world's largest bulwark typology of land fortifications, having a circumference of eight to ten kilometers and an area of 300 hectares.
The classified site was fortified extensively between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, and represents the largest system of fortifications bulwark of the world.
Inside the walls, the city includes large barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries.
While Elvas vestiges dating back to the tenth century, its fortifications date from the time of the restoration of independence from Portugal in 1640.
Several of fortifications designed by Dutch Jesuit priest John Piscásio represent the best preserved example of fortifications in the world originated in Dutch military school.
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